Premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDD

What is PMDD and what are the symptoms?

PMDD (PreMenstrueel Dysphoric Disorder) is a condition similar to PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome) and which also occurs in the week or two before your period starts when hormone levels start to drop after ovulation. PMDD causes more severe symptoms than PMS, including major depression, irritability, and tension.


What Causes PMDD?

Researchers aren't sure what causes PMDD or PMS. Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle may play a role. A brain chemical called serotonin may also play a role in PMDD. Serotonin levels change during the menstrual cycle. Some people are more sensitive to these changes.

What Are the Symptoms of PMDD?

  • Persistent irritability or anger that can affect other people
  • Feelings of sadness or despair, or even suicidal thoughts
  • Feelings of tension or fear
  • Panic attacks
  • Mood swings or frequent crying
  • Lack of interest in daily activities and relationships
  • Difficulty thinking or focusing
  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Food cravings or binge eating
  • Trouble sleeping
  • The feeling of not having control
  • Physical symptoms, such as cramping, bloating, breast tenderness, headache, and joint or muscle pain

Unfortunately, conditions such as PMS or PMDD are not often recognized by healthcare professionals, resulting in misdiagnosis. This not only has a major impact on the life of the person diagnosed, but also on their family, environment and place in society.

Do you want to know more about PMDD or are you looking for help? PMDD Netherlands Foundation has a clear website with reliable information about PMDD. 


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